Recommendations

With the proclamation of the ACYA, MACY inherited the responsibility from the Manitoba Ombudsman to monitor the implementation of recommendations made by our office. In accordance with Section 11 (1)(d) of the ACYA, MACY will be monitoring the implementation of recommendations included in reports made as provided under Section 27 (Investigation) and Section 31 (Special Reports). In addition, Sections 30(2) and 30(4) of the ACYA require that the Manitoba Advocate must include in the Annual Report a summary of recommendations made in Special Reports, and may include information on the level of compliance to the recommendation.

To find out more about the recommendations that transferred in with the new legislation, check out our Annual Report (page 36-37).

The table below is a reflection of information as reported in the MACY Annual Report. It summarizes the recommendations released in Special Reports, identifies the activities conducted towards implementing the recommendation, and MACY’s evaluation of compliance to the recommendation.

Table Headings and Functions:

  • Date Report Released: The date the Special Report was released by the Manitoba Advocate. Selecting the Date Released will show the full text of the recommendation.
  • Title: The title of the Special Report. Selecting the Title will take you to the online version of the report.
  •  Report Type: Identifies if the recommendation came from a Special Report, or other report as released by the Manitoba Advocate.
  •  Recommendation Category: One or more key words to reflect the subject matter of the recommendation.
  •  Public Body: The domain responsible for implementing the recommendation and providing a response to the Manitoba Advocate.
  •  Date Last Response Received*: The date of the public body’s most recent response to the Manitoba Advocate regarding the recommendation.
  •  Date Response Due: The Manitoba Advocate requests that responses are provided every six months following the release of a Special Report.
  • Reported Status by Public Body: The status of the recommendation as reported by the public body responsible for implementing the recommendation. Status is intended to reflect the stage of implementation.
  • Action Taken by Public Body: A link to a description of the activities conducted by the public body, as reported by the public body.
  • MACY Compliance Evaluation: Identifies if the Manitoba Advocate evaluates the work of the public body to be in compliance with the intention of the recommendation.
Date ReleasedTitleSummary
2019-03-12A Place Where it Feels Like Home: The Story of Tina Fontaine – Recommendation 5Recommendation Five: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Families, in consultation with other government departments and relevant stakeholders, create a new protocol to ensure that response plans are created for missing youth in general, and sexually exploited youth in particular who are at risk of imminent harm. DETAILS – Manitoba Families to ensure that this protocol:  
  • Distinguishes between absent and missing youth.  
  • Require that plans are initiated the first time a child goes missing, and that there is a further requirement to ensure the response plan is consistently reflective of the harm and dangers that are present in the individual child’s life.  
  • Provide timelines for when service providers must report missing children and act to locate them as quickly as possible, including when their whereabouts are known, when and how to report their absence to police.  
  • Include clear components for response plans and include any known addresses where the youth may be located or is known to frequent.  
  • Include 24/7 provisions for a joint child welfare and justice response in Winnipeg and ongoing capacity for a joint child welfare and justice response for missing and sexually exploited youth in rural areas.  
  • Includes consultation with persons with lived experience, community members, and relevant stakeholders.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-03-12A Place Where it Feels Like Home: The Story of Tina Fontaine – Recommendation 4Recommendation Four: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Manitoba government, through its Deputy Ministers of Health and Social Policy and Priorities (DMHSPP) committee, work with the government’s Legislation and Strategic Policy Branch to analyse the province of Alberta’s Protection of Sexually Exploited Children Act and Alberta’s Drug-Endangered Children Act to determine how safe and secure treatment facilities can be introduced in Manitoba. It is further recommended that the DMHSPP committee develop a plan to ensure the continuum of services for children and youth includes safe, secure, home-like settings for treatment and programming when children and youth are at imminent risk of harm or death. DETAILS:
  • The continuum of services plan developed by the DMHSPP committee must define imminent risk, ensuring the definition contemplates issues of homelessness, addiction, and sexual exploitation.
  • The development of a plan for safe and secure treatment facilities must include consultation with subject matter experts, persons with lived experience, and community stakeholders to ensure the treatment settings are safe, secure, therapeutic, effective, and culturally informed.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-03-12A Place Where it Feels Like Home: The Story of Tina Fontaine – Recommendation 3Recommendation Three: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Justice evaluate the continuum of victim support services for children and develop quality control measures to ensure that services are child-centred and provided in a timely manner. DETAILS:
  • Manitoba Justice to examine the criteria regarding how child benefits are approved or denied and subsequently clarify and distributed to victim applicants.
  • Manitoba Justice to clarify current legislation and policies that are contradictory related to access to compensation services and benefits.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-03-12A Place Where it Feels Like Home: The Story of Tina Fontaine – Recommendation 2Recommendation Two: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living expedite the public release of a clear implementation plan to address the child and youth-specific recommendations contained in the report on Improving Access and Coordination of Mental Health and Addiction Services: A Provincial Strategy for all Manitobans (“Virgo Report”). DETAILS:
  • Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living’s plan must ensure that resources are prioritized in rural and remote locations to ensure equitable service levels for children and youth regardless of where they are living.
  • The implementation plan must reflect the client populations who require them and must, therefore, be culturally-informed, and be developed in ways that reflect the voices and preferences of Indigenous health experts, Indigenous leadership, children and youth, and others with lived experiences.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-03-12A Place Where it Feels Like Home: The Story of Tina Fontaine – Recommendation 1Recommendation One: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Education and Training ensure its recently established Commission on Kindergarten to Grade 12 Education review the measurement of and response to absenteeism across Manitoba. It is further recommended that the Commission review the use of out-of-school suspensions and expulsions, with the goal of developing a province-wide strategy to limit, reduce, and phase-out exclusionary practices, except in situations of imminent safety risk to students and staff. This review and strategy should provide evidence-informed practices that are in line with the best interests of the child and respect the right to education for children and youth. DETAILS:
  • The Commission to identify how school divisions can be resourced with the capacity to measure, assess, and respond to the underlying causes of school absenteeism. Building and sustaining relationships with students who are experiencing absenteeism and their families.
  • Manitoba Education and Training continue efforts to improve student attendance by increasing public awareness of the right to education, identifying improvements to communication with parents and guardians around absenteeism, and to provide transparent information to the public about suspensions and expulsions.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-02-21Learning from Nelson Mandela: A Report on the Use of Solitary Confinement and Pepper Spray in Manitoba Youth Custody Facilities – Recommendation 6Recommendation Six: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Justice and Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living immediately embark on the development of a specialized health facility led and run by mental health professionals to provide evidence-informed programming for youth with mental illnesses or cognitive vulnerabilities in custody, including youth who are found not criminally responsible. DETAILS:
  • That Manitoba Justice conduct comprehensive mental health assessments, followed by ongoing treatment and assessments by mental health professionals within 72 hours of youth entering custody.
  • That Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living, with the full cooperation of Manitoba Justice, evaluate the ability and capacity for the Manitoba Youth Centre to serve as a mental health facility as provided by Facilities Designation Regulation for the purposes of The Mental Health Act.
  • That Manitoba Justice collaborate with Manitoba Families, Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living, youth with lived and living experience in correctional facilities, subject-matter experts, correctional officers, and Indigenous Knowledge Keepers as well as representatives with critical perspectives from the juvenile justice, health care, advocacy, and legislative arenas in the development of a detailed action plan with timelines and measurable outcomes to address the mental health and wellness of youth in custody.
  • That Manitoba Justice identify, measure, and publicly report on the therapeutic alternative outcomes of the action plan annually, including rates of recidivism and the proportion of Indigenous youth in custody as outlined by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-02-21Learning from Nelson Mandela: A Report on the Use of Solitary Confinement and Pepper Spray in Manitoba Youth Custody Facilities – Recommendation 5Recommendation Five: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Justice respond to the overrepresentation of youth with mental illnesses, cognitive vulnerabilities, and childhood trauma by developing an action plan with Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living and Manitoba Families for the implementation of evidence-informed and culturally-safe therapeutic behavioural management alternatives to solitary confinement and pepper spray, with the goals of enhancing the rehabilitation and successful reintegration of youth into Manitoba communities, reducing recidivism, and improving the public safety of all Manitobans.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-02-21Learning from Nelson Mandela: A Report on the Use of Solitary Confinement and Pepper Spray in Manitoba Youth Custody Facilities – Recommendation 4Recommendation Four: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Justice immediately prohibit the use of pepper spray in youth custody facilities except in situations of immediate risk to life* to correctional staff or other youth in custody by amending The Correctional Services Regulation. DETAILS:
  • That Manitoba Justice prohibit the use of pepper spray to halt self-harming behaviour, barring no other serious and imminent risks to the lives of other youth or correctional officers  
  • That Manitoba Justice consider the funding of cell doors which open both ways and can prevent the deployment of pepper spray due to forced entries.  
  • That Manitoba Justice immediately notify the Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth of any incident where pepper spray was discharged. Notification must include the full incident report, age of the youth, race, ethnicity, reasons for use, number of times pepper spray was deployed, and followup medical and psychological treatment.  
  • That Manitoba Justice appoint an external and independent body to review and investigate every incident of pepper spray use, and provide recommendations of how the incident could be prevented. 
*For the purpose of this recommendation, ‘immediate’ shall be defined as proximate danger to life as perceived by an objective third party in the circumstances.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-02-21Learning from Nelson Mandela: A Report on the Use of Solitary Confinement and Pepper Spray in Manitoba Youth Custody Facilities – Recommendation 3Recommendation Three: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Justice collect, track, analyse, and report on incidents of segregation across youth custody facilities to ensure transparency and accountability. DETAILS:
  • That Manitoba Justice invest in the development of a centralized information management system to implement a process to aggregate data and analyse trends on the use of segregation by youth, reflecting transfers between institutions.  
  • That Manitoba Justice submit a report quarterly to the Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth on the number of youth placed in any form of segregation; the length of time each youth was in segregation, the race, ethnicity, age, and gender of each youth; facility staffing levels at the time of confinement; the reason each youth was placed in segregation; any knowledge of mental health (illness or cognitive vulnerability), and services provided while in confinement.  
  • That Manitoba Justice report publicly on aggregated data of the use of segregation practices in youth custody facilities through their Annual Report.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-02-21Learning from Nelson Mandela: A Report on the Use of Solitary Confinement and Pepper Spray in Manitoba Youth Custody Facilities – Recommendation 2Recommendation Two: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Manitoba government and Manitoba Justice restrict the use of any form of segregation under 24 hours in youth custody facilities through an amendment to The Correctional Services Regulation. DETAILS:
  • That Manitoba Justice restrict the use of any form of segregation for the purposes of discipline, punishment, coercion, convenience, or retaliation.  
  • That Manitoba Justice restrict the use of segregation by legislating maximum time limitations for these vulnerable populations and communicate clear expectations of what is required from the youth to be removed from segregation.  
  • That Manitoba Justice track and require comprehensive mental health assessments for youth subjected to any period of segregation.  
  • That Manitoba Justice conduct consultations with relevant stakeholders, including the Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth, in preparation for amending The Correctional Services Regulation.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2019-02-21Learning from Nelson Mandela: A Report on the Use of Solitary Confinement and Pepper Spray in Manitoba Youth Custody Facilities – Recommendation 1Recommendation One: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Manitoba government and Manitoba Justice amend The Correctional Services Act to prohibit the solitary confinement of youth for a period exceeding 24 hours, per the Nelson Mandela Rules. DETAILS:
  • That Manitoba Justice establish a maximum time limit on the use of segregation of 24 hours without exception, thereby prohibiting solitary confinement by amending The Correctional Services Act.  
  • That Manitoba Justice immediately identify all youth that are currently in solitary confinement conditions and develop a youth-centred and trauma-informed transitional process to ensure they successfully exit from the conditions of solitary confinement. This shall include: 
    1. Engaging a team of licensed mental health professionals to conduct and document a comprehensive mental health re-evaluation of all youth held in solitary confinement, including a confidential face-to-face out of cell interview by a licensed mental health professional; 
    2. A plan for substantial re-socialization of youth in a group setting; 
    3. Offering and documenting regular mental health counseling and culturally appropriate spiritual care, if requested, to assist in the transition; and 
    4. Including the participation of youth in the process and, if requested, the youth’s legal counsel and/or a representative of the Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth in the development of this transition plan.  
  • As per the practices of other Canadian provinces, and until the above recommendation is fully implemented to ban the practice, Manitoba Justice notify the Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth of any incident of segregation extending over 24 hours and collaborate with the Manitoba Advocate on the development of a plan to address such incidents going forward. This measure should begin immediately. 
  • That Manitoba Justice conduct consultations with relevant stakeholders, including the Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth, in preparation for amending The Correctional Services Act.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-12-13In Need of Protection: Angel’s Story – Recommendation 6Recommendation Six: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Department of Health, Seniors and Active Living, in collaboration with the Addictions Foundation of Manitoba and other stakeholders, amend The Youth Drug Stabilization (Support for Parents) Act so that longer warrants or successive warrants are possible to ensure children and youth get the medically supported withdrawal management services they need based on evidence-informed treatment best practices for addictions (e.g. methamphetamine, alcohol, opioids). DETAILS – Work to this effect should:  
  • Be overseen by an existing inter-departmental working group such as the Deputy Ministers of Health and Social Policy and Priorities (DMHSPP) committee/Healthy Child Deputy Ministers’ Committee (HCDMC); and  
  • Be guided by evidence-informed best practices and knowledge in the areas of supported withdrawal management, addiction and mental health assessments, and accessibility of treatment services for children and youth.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-12-13In Need of Protection: Angel’s Story – Recommendation 5Recommendation Five: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Department of Health, Seniors and Active Living and Department of Families, in collaboration with the Addictions Foundation of Manitoba, (1) review and reform the province’s treatment programs for children and youth and (2) create safe and secure facilities for youth in Manitoba who are sexually exploited and harmfully involved in substance misuse. DETAILS – This should:  
  • Involve community organizations;  
  • Address the limitations, barriers and occupancy rate concerns of existing resources (e.g. Compass, YASU);  
  • Include a harm reduction policy specific to children and youth; 
  • Recognize that “secure facilities” do not need to be institutions, but can be secured via adequate staffing, geographic locations, and can further be holistic and culturally-based home-like settings; 
  • Involve youth, experiential, and Indigenous stakeholders;  Address accessibility challenges related to addiction and mental health treatment services;  
  • Be informed by a scan of jurisdictions who successfully incorporate short and long-term safe and secure settings in their continuum of care models for youth who are sexually exploited; and  
  • Be included in the Provincial Mental Health and Addictions Strategy.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-12-13In Need of Protection: Angel’s Story – Recommendation 4Recommendation Four: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Minister of Families, through the Child and Family Services Division (CFSD), in collaboration with the four child and family services Authorities, (1) conduct an evidence-informed review and update of existing provincial service standards, and (2) establish province-wide measures of service accountability through a provincial quality assurance framework. Both the service standards and the quality assurance measures must be consistent throughout the province, culturally appropriate, and supported and enforced by the governing child and family services Authorities within their child and family services agencies. As per provincial legislation, quality assurance measures at the authority level must then be assessed and monitored by the Minister of Families. DETAILS – This province-wide quality assurance framework should include:  
  • An evidence-informed review and update of existing Child and Family Service standards.
  • That the updated standards reflect a requirement that service models being used in the CFS system move away from an apprehension model and toward service models that require meaningful engagement of family, extended family, and community, which is in the best interests of children.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-12-13In Need of Protection: Angel’s Story – Recommendation 3Recommendation Three: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Communication Services Manitoba, Manitoba Education and Training, Manitoba Families, Manitoba Justice, Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living, Manitoba Status of Women, and Manitoba Indigenous and Northern Relations collaborate with youth advisory groups, the Canadian Centre for Child Protection, Winnipeg Police Service, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Indigenous and community organizations, and the Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth to carry out ongoing public education via awareness campaigns that (a) denounce the sexual exploitation of children and youth and (b) raise awareness about the ongoing demand for purchasing sex and/or sexually exploiting children and youth in Manitoba. DETAILS – This plan should:  
  • Be centrally driven by an existing inter-departmental working group such as the Deputy Ministers of Health and Social Policy and Priorities (DMHSPP) committee/Healthy Child Deputy Ministers’ Committee (HCDMC);  
  • Consider how best to reach those most in need of its information;  
  • Include youth, survivor, and Indigenous community consultation;  
  • Consider if names of adults who are sexually exploiting youth should be publicly shared as is the practice in other provinces;  
  • Be evidence-informed in terms of clear outputs and outcomes and learn from successful campaigns in other jurisdictions;  
  • Avoid sensationalism, inappropriate imagery, or language;  
  • Draw awareness to bystander legislation that provides that all Manitobans must report child sexual exploitation; and  
  • Include provisions for public education and awareness campaigns that coincide with Manitoba’s Stop Child Sexual Exploitation Awareness Day every March.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-12-13In Need of Protection: Angel’s Story – Recommendation 2Recommendation Two: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Education and Training, Manitoba Families, Manitoba Justice, and Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living engage with experts in childhood trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in order to develop a trauma prevention and response plan of action to (a) educate service providers and the public on ACEs, and (b) create appropriate, accessible immediate and long-term evidence informed interventions to address the trauma crisis that is ongoing in Manitoba. DETAILS – These activities should include:  
  • The release of the Department of Families’ research entitled, Collaboration and Best Practices to End Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation in Manitoba;  
  • Ongoing data collection to inform clear performance measurements reflected in service purchase agreements (SPAs); 
  • An independent third party external evaluation of the outcomes and outputs of the Strategy to be published upon completion. This evaluation should utilize the Department of Families’ research and specifically include analysis of existing 
    • specialized group and foster care placements for sexually exploited youth, 
    • crisis stabilization support for sexually exploited youth, 
    • sexual exploitation investigations, 
    • regional teams funded by Tracia’s Trust,
    • provincial training on the sexual exploitation of children and youth, 
    • the effectiveness of the Strategy for children and youth who are not in care; and 
    • the effectiveness of the Strategy in Indigenous communities as per Indigenous methods of evaluation;  
  • A pilot of TERF’s Sexual Exploitation Risk Assessment Tool across the four Child and Family Services Authorities;  
  • The development of a continuum of care informed by youth consultation and collaboration with Indigenous partners (e.g. Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak and Southern Chiefs’ Organization) to create/reform service programs to address the co-occurring needs of sexually exploited youth (e.g. mental health, addictions, justice, and education); and  
  • An expansion of StreetReach (including youth who are not in care), the Winnipeg Outreach Network (WON), and services for youth who are sexually exploited in First Nations and remote and rural communities. The expansion of each of these services should be paired with continuous quality improvement tracking tools to monitor outcomes, track progress towards service delivery goals, and respond to the evolving needs of sexually exploited youth.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-12-13In Need of Protection: Angel’s Story – Recommendation 1Recommendation One: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that Manitoba Education and Training, Manitoba Families, Manitoba Justice, and Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living engage with experts in childhood trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in order to develop a trauma prevention and response plan of action to (a) educate service providers and the public on ACEs, and (b) create appropriate, accessible immediate and long-term evidence-informed interventions to address the trauma crisis that is ongoing in Manitoba.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-10-19Documenting the Decline: The Dangerous Space Between Good Intentions and Meaningful Interventions – Recommendation 6Recommendation Six: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Department of Families in partnership with the Child and Family Services (CFS) Authorities: (1) clarify training content and expectations of workers and supervisors with respect to CFS minimum provincial standards, and (2) prioritize the development of high quality, culturally appropriate, modernized, and accessible training on the minimum provincial service standards within two years. The Advocate further recommends that all existing workers who have not received training on minimum standards and all new CFS workers be required to complete this training within three to six months. DETAILS:
  • That the Department of Families work with the four CFS authorities to clearly define training content, timelines, and requirement for CFS workers and supervisors per s.1.3.1 of the minimum standards manual.  
  • That the CFS authorities ensure that their CFS agencies adhere to standard 1.8.1 Workforce Qualifications and that clear education and training plans are developed and monitored for staff who do not meet this standard.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-10-19Documenting the Decline: The Dangerous Space Between Good Intentions and Meaningful Interventions – Recommendation 5Recommendation Five: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Department of Justice improve communication across the divisions within its department, including probation services, victim services, and prosecution services, as well as with the legal community (e.g. legal aid), and the courts to ensure that probation orders are relevant, effective, child-centred, realistic (given limitations in remote and rural communities), and achievable. The Advocate further recommends that the Department of Justice evaluate their capacity to provide the programming for youth to meet their probation conditions and determine whether or not existing programs and services are sufficient and accessible to youth living in rural and remote locations. When gaps are identified, strategies for culturally appropriate alternatives and program delivery need to be developed. DETAILS:
  • The Advocate recognizes that it does not have jurisdiction over the courts. Following this report, we recommend that the Department of Justice initiate a process of improved communication and dialogue within its department, with the courts, and other key stakeholders to ensure that probation orders are relevant, effective, child-centred, realistic, and achievable. 
  • The Department of Justice’s evaluation of existing capacity to provide programming for youth to meet their probation conditions should contain an overview of existing accountability data and analysis of the effectiveness and accessibility of current services and programming delivered to youth in Manitoba. 
  • A plan is needed for situations when probation services do not have the capacity to provide ongoing supervision, monitoring, or formal programming such that collaboration and partnership with local communities occurs to devise a strategy to deliver these services.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-10-19Documenting the Decline: The Dangerous Space Between Good Intentions and Meaningful Interventions – Recommendation 4Recommendation Four: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Department of Health, Seniors and Active Living, together with front-line addiction service providers in Manitoba, Healthy Child Manitoba, Indigenous communities, and subject matter experts on addictions, immediately respond to the lack of effective substance use treatment services for youth by prioritizing the development and implementation of a youth addiction action strategy. This strategy should be based on best practice evidence with the objective of ensuring that children and youth across Manitoba can exercise their right to the highest attainable standard of health. DETAILS:
  • That the Department of Health, Seniors and Active Living, go beyond the VIRGO analysis and conduct a service inventory of all child and youth addiction services in Manitoba, their locations, target populations, philosophies, eligibility criteria, utilization rates, and occupancy rates. 
  • That the Department of Health, Seniors and Active Living expand upon the VIRGO analysis to evaluate existing gaps in substance use treatment and addiction services available to children and youth, including recommendations as to how existing services could be repurposed. 
  • That the Manitoba’s Mental Health and Addictions Strategy developed by the Department of Health, Seniors and Active Living include a plan that ensures implementation of evidenceinformed family-centred substance use and addiction programs. 
  • That the Department of Health, Seniors and Active Living oversee regular performance monitoring and program evaluations to ensure that all publicly-funded and provinciallymandated agencies are accountable to provide evidence-informed addiction services and programs for children and youth. 
  • That all provincially-funded addiction service providers working with children and youth implement policies and procedures for ongoing training on the identification and reporting of cases where a child is in need of protection as outlined in The Child and Family Services Act.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-10-19Documenting the Decline: The Dangerous Space Between Good Intentions and Meaningful Interventions – Recommendation 3Recommendation Three: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends the Department of Health, Seniors and Active Living implement, in full, recommendation 5.4, per the Virgo report, as follows: Establish a concerted cross-sectoral process to reduce perceived and real jurisdictional boundaries that challenge access to, and coordination of, services. The process of developing this [Manitoba's Mental Health and Addictions] Strategy, as well as any new opportunities and resources for working together (e.g., through Jordan's Principle), should be viewed as an accelerator of a new period of trust and collaboration based on shared beliefs and strengths among all partners, and should include an interest in wellness, hope and family/community health. DETAILS: 
  • Specifically, provisions in the following areas are needed within Manitoba’s Mental Health and Addictions Strategy: 
    • Post-discharge supports for children and youth who have experienced mental health concerns, including addictions issues; 
    • A continuum of services, reflective of culturally-safe and trauma-informed approaches, for all of Manitoba’s children and youth, including Indigenous children and youth, and those who live in First Nations communities; and 
    • A continuity of care model that ensures equitable standards of service when First Nations children and youth return to their home communities.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-10-19Documenting the Decline: The Dangerous Space Between Good Intentions and Meaningful Interventions – Recommendation 2Recommendation Two: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Department of Education and Training through Healthy Child Manitoba, and with participation from all school divisions, conduct an urgent review of the current use of out-of-school suspensions and expulsions, and develop a province-wide strategy to limit, reduce, and phase-out exclusionary practices, except in situations of imminent safety risk to students and staff. This review and strategy should provide evidence-informed disciplinary alternatives that are in line with the best interest of the child and respect the right of children and youth to education. DETAILS:  
  • The Department of Education and Training will develop quality assurance and information management processes to: (1) define “imminent safety risk to students and staff”, (2) assess the prevalence, duration, and nature of school suspensions and expulsions in Manitoba, (3) analyse and ensure compliance with standards and best practices, (4) provide school boards with the necessary information to develop strategies to reduce and end school suspensions and exclusionary practices, and evaluate initiatives. Changes should be data informed and made considering the unique dynamics in Manitoba.  
  • The Department of Education and Training will implement province-wide and evidence-informed suspension and exclusion prevention policies and procedures for Manitoba schools. This is to then, in turn, inform training for: 
    • School division training for teachers, principals, and superintendents; 
    • Mentorship programs; and, 
    • Alternative approaches to suspension.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
2018-10-19Documenting the Decline: The Dangerous Space Between Good Intentions and Meaningful Interventions – Recommendation 1Recommendation One: The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth recommends that the Province of Manitoba respond to the persistent lack of coordination between services for children and youth by developing and implementing a provincial strategy to train service providers on the requirement to share information across systems and ensure children and youth are at the centre of all service provision. This is to be developed, delivered, and evaluated in consultation with Manitoba Education and Training, Manitoba Families, Manitoba Justice, and Manitoba Health, Healthy Living and Seniors. DETAILS:  
  • In line with The Protecting Children (Information Sharing) Act, this training needs to be provided to all relevant service providers in Manitoba.  
  • As part of this strategy, an inter-ministerial working group at the director, manager, and staff levels is needed to identify and address barriers to collaborative sharing of information and ensure oversight of quality assurance protocols related to case management across service providers.
Date Last Response Received: 06/2019
Date Response Due: 01/2020
Action Taken by Public Body: see link
MACY Compliance Evaluation: see link
 
* Information is updated twice per year, but work is done on an ongoing basis